咸阳地热田钻孔温度测量及水动力系统

饶松, 李卫卫, 姜光政, 唐晓音, 罗璐, 王建存. 咸阳地热田钻孔温度测量及水动力系统[J]. 地质科学, 2015, 50(3): 982-1000. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0563-5020.2015.03.021
引用本文: 饶松, 李卫卫, 姜光政, 唐晓音, 罗璐, 王建存. 咸阳地热田钻孔温度测量及水动力系统[J]. 地质科学, 2015, 50(3): 982-1000. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0563-5020.2015.03.021
Rao Song, Li Weiwei, Jiang Guangzheng, Tang Xiaoyin, Luo Lu, Wang Jiangcun. Borehole temperature logging and water dynamic system in the Xianyang geothermal field, Northwest China[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2015, 50(3): 982-1000. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0563-5020.2015.03.021
Citation: Rao Song, Li Weiwei, Jiang Guangzheng, Tang Xiaoyin, Luo Lu, Wang Jiangcun. Borehole temperature logging and water dynamic system in the Xianyang geothermal field, Northwest China[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2015, 50(3): 982-1000. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0563-5020.2015.03.021

咸阳地热田钻孔温度测量及水动力系统

详细信息
    作者简介:

    饶松,男,1985年7月生,博士,讲师,地热学与石油地质学专业。E-mail:raosong@mail.iggcas.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: P314

Borehole temperature logging and water dynamic system in the Xianyang geothermal field, Northwest China

  • 地热田温度场分析, 不仅为地热田类型划分和热源机理研究提供科学根据, 而且可以为确定地热田有利开采区域和深度提供直接依据。本文报道了咸阳地热田13口钻孔的系统(准)稳态测温数据, 对研究区温度的垂向分布特征做了初步分析, 并据此划分了地热田水动力系统。结果表明, 咸阳地热田属于以传导为主的沉积盆地型地热田, 地温梯度为26.2~40.1 ℃/km, 平均为32.4 ℃/km。然而, 与典型的传导型地热田相比, 咸阳地热田的地温场特征又存在特殊性, 表现为钻孔温度—深度曲线分段性明显: 浅部受地表水流动对温度场的影响, 地温曲线呈现出锯齿形波动; 钻孔中上部受地表水和深部水热活动影响较小, 温度曲线为传导性地热特征; 井孔中下部测温曲线明显"下凹", 揭示了地下水沿渭河断裂侧向补给的同时使地层温度降低; 井孔下部温度随深度异常增大, 表明存在异常压力流体封存箱。测温资料揭示了咸阳地热田水动力系统在垂向上存在多层结构: 浅部为垂向重力驱动型, 中上部为正常压实型, 中下部为侧向重力驱动型, 下部为封闭型。基于咸阳地热田水动力系统的多层结构, 建议将各系统赋存的地热资源分别进行规划和开发。
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出版历程
收稿日期:  2014-06-10
修回日期:  2015-02-26
刊出日期:  2015-07-25

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